How Surface Water is Treated for Drinking

Written by Business Success on . Posted in Dirty water, Pfoa, Water treatment

The United States has some of the best water on earth, and a lot of money, time, effort, and technology goes into making our surface water safe. Before it reaches the taps in your home, water undergoes quite a number of processes, each of which is crucial to keeping our drinking water safe.

Entering the Water Treatment Plant

Water’s first stop is the water treatment plant, and there it will go through coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, disinfection, and sometimes a few other steps as well.

  1. Starting the process with coagulation. The coagulation step mixes certain coagulants, like aluminum sulfate, with the water to change the charge of the particles of undesirable elements in the water. This change in charge causes them to clump together into larger groups called flocs.
  2. Flocculation makes things bigger yet. The next step of treatment agitates the flocs so they run into one another and stick, making even bigger